Get your wall Removed or Engineering Work Done Professionally
Now more than ever, homeowners are removing walls to create an open, airy, beautiful space. Mostly 310RENO Design and Renovation have been designing and removing walls for over 15 years in Toronto, Halton, Vaughan, Mississauga and also the rest of the GTA – Ontario.
Steel beams are the ideal option for strength and endurance and are often the ideal choice for upper flush mount beams. Steel flush beams are often the ideal way to go when it comes to structural beam installation (above image). The flush mounted beam does not reduce headroom and create bulkheads.
For larger spans and the strength of steel allows for beams to be constructed with less height than that of wood beams. Our professional Engineers have extensive experience working in residential environments know what it takes to keep your home as solid as ever.
LVL (engineered wood beams) and standard wood beams can be used similar to steel beams in many ways. Wood beams are ideal for shorter spans and easier to work with due to their lighter weight. Often wood beams are used for dropped beams (under joists), however; they can also be used in some cases to achieve a flush mount (above image).
Time to Build! The structural work
When removing a structural wall (load-bearing wall) there is a need to transfer the load that was once supported by the structural wall to a new beam. This new beam will then need to transfer the weight (load) to columns, other beams or walls that will essentially transfer the load to the foundation of the home or a newly built footing on undisturbed soil.
For less complex structural projects, the build time is typically between 1-3 days, however; when a new footing is required the process will take longer due to the inspection of the footing and curing time for new concrete; this can range between 5 – 10 days.
Electrical, HVAC and Mechanical in the Way?
Sadly, yes, most walls have electrical, HVAC and/or plumbing lines running through them. But, not to worry, 310RENO is here! We do this all the time. Designing the best way to relocate these items can be fun, and rewarding.
The typical high-level assessment process is used to determine if a wall is load bearing. The direction of joists is a key indicator. An assessment will typically involve:
- Checking the direction of joists (perpendicular or parallel to the wall in question)
- Checking whether joists overlap and/or rest on this wall.
- Check for combining directions, resting or overlapping joists.
A hint towards identifying a load bearing wall is the location of the wall with respect to the support wall or steel beam. The presence of a wall on another floor will factor into understand your wall system. Finally, a typical hint is in your roof framing, whether there be trusses or rafters resting on interior walls. Our team of Designers and Engineers have vast experience understanding these systems and will help you navigate what is in your home.
There are many factors to consider that are not as straightforward:
- If the joists are being cantilevered over top of the wall in question it makes the typical assessment more difficult. In some cases, a wall may not be considered a “load-bearing” wall in the true sense, though it may be bearing load, especially in an older home that has settled quite a bit. If this “non-load bearing” wall were to be removed, the floors may deflect and cause issues.
- Our 310RENO’s Design & Engineering Team are able to make very good assessments without the need to open walls during an on-site visit. Cutting holes, in some cases, can reduce a lot of assumptions even for our experienced engineers. Our engineers will need to take measurements and run calculations to determine the best solutions.
- Understanding your goals and the specific situation will allow us to make the best proposal to meet your needs.
An LVL beam can be used for flush mount installs in cases where we have shorter spans. In some cases, LVL beams are the best choice based on various factors.
310RENO Design and Renovation’s engineers will know what is best for your project.
What are the next steps?
After the initial assessment, a homeowner needs to decide if they want to do things the right way or the not so good way 😉
We always recommend our engineering work to be accompanied with building permits as per most town and municipality by-laws. Essentially, you will decide either way then we will accommodate your needs as best as possible.
The costs involved generally depends on the size of your home and complexity of the engineering calculations.
Permit-Ready engineering drawings usually cost between $1,700 – 2,500.
Non-Permit directional letters and stamps typically range in cost from $900 – $1,300.
Why work with us?
All of our installations are guaranteed to meet our strict standard of quality and excellence. All of our installations are backed by a minimum 2 year installation warranty. We are confident that you will be completely satisfiedwith your renovation project at completion and for years to come.
Why work with us?
All of our installations are guaranteed to meet our strict standard of quality and excellence. All of our installations are backed by a minimum 2 year installation warranty. We are confident that you will be completely satisfied with your renovation project at completion and for years to come.
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Get your dream space affordably!
310Reno offers low monthly payments. Starting at $98/month O.A.C.
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